There is no strong evidence that new EU migrants have undermined the job prospects of Britain’s school-leavers, according to a report by the government’s official immigration experts.
But the home secretary’s migration advisory committee (MAC) says future EU expansion – with eight candidate countries containing 90 million people earning a third to a half of average EU wage levels – could pose more of a concern.
The official report on the impact of low-skilled migration on the workforce says there has only been a small negative impact on the low-paid, but greater resources and more severe penalties are needed to enforceminimum wage laws.
It says the net contribution to public finances from non-EU migrants who have come to Britain since 2001 is valued at £2.9bn, or £162 per person per year. Migration from the EU, including from Poland, has been even more beneficial, with a net contribution worth £22bn or £2,732 per person per year.
The report says 75% of the 2.9 million rise in the foreign-born population in the past decade was concentrated in just a quarter of local authorities, putting pressure on housing and public services.
The report was commissioned by the immigration minister to examine the impact on the British labour market of the two million migrants who hold 16% of the 13m low-skilled jobs in Britain.
See full report here