Four out of 10 hate crime victims in Wales know their abuser, while nearly a third think about moving house to escape the crime, says a new study.
Research by Race Equality First and Cardiff University also shows one in five of those abused (18%) considers leaving the country.
The study will feed into a new Welsh government plan to tackle incidents.
Hate crimes are offences against race, religion, disability, sexual orientation or transgender identity.
Charity Race Equality First said hate crime was a “daily reality” for many.
More than 1,800 people were surveyed and 60 victims were interviewed in a three-year research project backed by Big Lottery funding.